Articulation
Therapy

Articulation therapy is a form of speech-language therapy, often simply called speech therapy, that focuses on how speech sounds are produced. It is a treatment used by children or adults who have difficulty in pronouncing words clearly enough to be easily understood by others. Treatment for articulation disorders is provided by a certified or licensed speech-language pathologist (SLP).

Articulation refers to the production of speech sounds. A person with an articulation disorder incorrectly articulates the distinct sounds within certain words by distorting, adding, or leaving off some of the sounds. One example of an articulation disorder is informally called a lisp, in which a person incorrectly pronounces an "s" sound as if it were a "th" sound.

Children might be diagnosed with an articulation disorder when they have trouble with certain speech sounds past the point of normal developmental speech issues. This disorder could be a complication of a developmental delay, hearing impairment, autism, birth defect or brain injury, among other possible causes. Adults might struggle with articulation problems due to medical conditions such as a stroke or head injury, or they could have unresolved speech issues from childhood. Diagnosis of an articulation disorder can require an articulation test, in which the person's speech is recorded to document sound errors. A physical examination of the face and mouth can also be done to assess the function of speech-related muscles.



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